He wahine, he whenua, ka ngaro ai te tangata


He rerekē noa atu te tūranga o ngā wāhine Māori i te ao Māori i mua i te taenga mai o te Pākehā, i tērā o te tūranga o te wāhine Pākehā i tōna anō hapori kotahi rau tau ki muri. Ahakoa i whakaaetia te pōti a te wahine i ngā whakatau ā-motu i te paunga o te rau tau tekau mā iwa kāore tonu i whakaaetia te tū a te wahine hei kaitōrangapū tae noa mai ki te whakatau ā-motu i te tau 1919. Manohi anō ngā wāhine Māori kua noho hei rangatira mai mai, rangatira pēnei i te tāne Māori. E kitea ana te whakatauiratanga o te rangatira o te wahine Māori i ngā kaiwaitohu wāhine tekau mā toru i Te Tiriti o Waitangi. Heoi anō, he torutoru noa iho tēnei i te kāhui waitohu 512 i runga i te whakatau a ētahi rangatira tāne, wāhine hoki, kāore ngā āhuatanga o te wahine e whai mana ana i raro i ngā ture me ngā tikanga a te Pākehā.

Ki te mate ngā tāne, me mate anō ngā wāhine me ngā tamariki - Ahumai Te Paerata , Ōrākau 1864

maori battalion ww1 return

Ko te tamāhine a te rangatira o Ngāti Toa, a Te Pēhi tonu tētahi kāore i tukuna kia waitohu i te tiriti i te whakaaro kāore i te wahine te mana. Nā tōna whakatakariri ki tēnei takahi ka whakahē hoki tana tāne kia waitohu.

I te hapori Pākehā, i te puku o te rau tau tekau mā iwa, he takirua kotahi te tokorua tāne me te wahine kua mārena i raro i te ture, ā, ko te tāne te rangatira. Ko ngā pūtea me ngā taputapu a te wahine, nā tana tāne kē, heoi anō te pūtea me ngā taputapu a tana tāne, nāna ake. Ina ka hiahia wehe te wahine i tana tāne i papatoiake ahakoa i ētahi wā he tangata kaikoka tana tāne. Ko ēnei whakaaro mō te rangatiratanga o ngā taputapu tētahi whakaaro i tau mai ai ki Aotearoa i ngā wā o te whakataiwhenuatanga (colonisation).


I te wā o te whakataiwhenuatanga, i whakapākehātia ētahi o ngā whakaaro mō te wāhi ki ngā tūranga o te wahine Māori i te ao Māori.

Auckland Weekly News, 10 April 1919, pp. 31, 34–5; 17 April 1919, pp. 31, 33–4 Auckland City Libraries NZ Free Lance, 16 April 1919, p. 17 (Papers Past)

Te whakatakē i te wahine

Nā tētahi mātanga ture, nā Ani Mikaere ngā kōrero o ngā pānga o te whakataiwhenuatanga ki te wahine Māori i matapaki, me te ngana o te mihinare me tauiwi kia whakakorea atu ngā tikanga ake a te Māori hei whakatau noa mai i āna anō tikanga Pākehā. Ko tētahi o ngā whakaaro i puta i āna matapakinga e mea ana ka whakarerekēhia ngā tātai arorangi, ngā kōrero tuku iho hoki a te Māori kia arotahi ki ngā atua tāne. I whakatūria ngā kura mihinare mā ngā kōhine Māori kia ako rātou ki ngā mahi o te kāinga, ki te noho hei wahine pono ki tana tāne. Kāore te nuinga o ngā tāngata nō whenua kē i rata ki te rangatiratanga o te wahine Māori i tōna anō ao, ā, kāore hoki i taunga ki tana āheinga ki te whakawhitiwhiti kōrero ki tāne kē atu i tōna hoa tāne ake.

Te titiro ki ngā āhuatanga o onamata kia mārama ki ngā āhuatanga o inamata

Ko te kāhui ringa toi e kīia nei ko ‘Te Mataaho’ tētahi tōpūtanga wāhine Māori nā rātou tētahi mahi toi i waihanga hei wāhanga o ngā mahi whakanui i te kotahi rau tau nō te wā i tū ai Te Pakanga Tuatahi o te Ao. Ko ‘Kaokao’ te ingoa o te mahi toi rā.

Ki tā Terri Te Tau, mema o te kāhui nei, “E whakamihi ana ā mātou mahi i ngā wāhine tokomaha nei i tū ki mua, ki te taha, ki muri hoki i ngā mahi i ngā wā o te pakanga ki te raupī, ki te tiaki i ōna whenua, i ōna whānau anō hoki”.

Ko te tauira tukutuku e kīia nei ko te ‘kaokao’ tētahi o ngā tino tohu o te kaha, ā, he whakaatanga hoki ōna e hāngai ana ki te hanga o te wahine nōna e whānau pēpi ana. Koinei hoki te tohu whakarākei kei ngā ringa o ngā kara o ngā hōia. I tōia tēnei tohu ki tēnei mahi toi e tēnei kāhui ringa toi ki te whakataurite i ngā whakaaro ki ō te toa o te wahine me te toa o te tāne.

Ringa toi Bridget Reweti (mauī) rāua ko Terri Te Tau. He mema o te kāhui ringa t

Ringa toi Bridget Reweti (mauī) rāua ko Terri Te Tau. He mema o te kāhui ringa toi Mataaho.

Kua hangaia ngā mahi toi Kaokao #1, Kaokao #2 hoki ki ngā rawa whakaata. He whak

Kua hangaia ngā mahi toi Kaokao #1, Kaokao #2 hoki ki ngā rawa whakaata. He whakairinga nui taioreore te Kaokao #1 kua hangaia me ngā rawa whakaata kua tuituia, ā, he whakairinga pātū te Kaokao #2 kua hangaia ki ngā tohu huarahi kua parea ki rahaki.

 

Tērā te ahi kā, tērā te mura o te ahi i te wā o Te Pakanga Tuatahi o te Ao

He rerekē te wāhi ki ngā wāhine e toru e rārangi mai nei i Te Pakanga Tuatahi o te Ao. Ko Te Puea Hērangi tērā i tohe i te āhua o te tautāwhi a te iwi Māori ka mutu ōna tāngata nō Waikato, i te pakanga. Ko Mīria Pōmare tērā i whakarite raupītanga i Aotearoa hei tuku atu ki ngā hōia Māori ki tāwāhi. Ko Ethel Pritchard me tana tū hei nēhi ki tāwāhi.

Pānuihia, whakatauritea hoki ngā tūranga o ēnei wahine, ā, whakaarohia ngā take i rerekē ai.

Te Puea Hērangi

'Ka ākina tātou ki te pakanga mō te kīngi me te whenua. Kei te pai noa iho tēnā. He kīngi tō tātou engari anō te whenua, kua kore. Kua kāhakina i ō tātou ringa. Kia whakahokia mai ō tātou whenua mō reira tātou ka whakaaro anō ai ki te wāhi ki a tātou i tēnei pakanga.’

I mautohe a Te Puea ki te whakahē i te kaupapa māperetanga a te kāwanatanga, i te pōuri tonu tōna iwi i te whakaekenga ō rātou e ngā hōia o te kāwanatanga, i te wā o te murunga o ngā whenua. I kaha kē atu te whakaaro o Tainui, o te rohe o Waikato-Maniapoto i te kaha o tō rātou tūkinotia e te kāwanatanga. Nāna, nā Te Puea ōna tāngata i māpere, i karanga ki tōna pā, ki Te Paina i Mangatāwhiri, ki te tautoko i a ia. I whakarōpūtia rātou i te tau 1918, i mauheretia, ā, i kawea ki te puni whakangungu hōia ki Narrow Neck i Tāmakimakaurau. I reira tūkinotia ai i te korenga o rātou i whakaae ki ngā kara hōia hei kākahu mō rātou.


He pārongo atu anō kei: http://www.teara.govt.nz/mi/biographies/3h17/herangi-te-kirihaehae-te-puea(external link)

Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa Alexander Turnbull Library Toronga: PAColl-5584-58

Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa Alexander Turnbull Library Toronga: PAColl-5584-58 Me tono whakaae i Alexander Turnbull Library, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, i mua i te whakamahinga anō o tēnei whakaahua.

Ethel Pritchard

"Ina taotūtia me te pū, ka kitea he ara whakarauora heoi anō, karekau he ara i kitea e ora anō ai te tangata ina ngaua a ia e te mātao."

I te pakarutanga mai o Te Pakanga Tuatahi o te Ao, ka kōwhiritia a Ethel ko tētahi o ngā nēhi tuatahi, rima tekau nei rātou, hei haere ki tāwāhi me te rōpū nēhi o te ope taua o Aotearoa. Ko te hōhipera pārāweranui Nama 15 i Arekehānaria, i Īhipa, te wāhi tuatahi i mahi ai a Ethel. Tokoiwa ngā tāngata i noho i raro i tōna marumaru i tiaki i tōna 240 tūroro i ngā tēneti e takoto ana. I te taenga atu o ngā tāruru tino nui kē nei e mau mai ana i ngā taotū i Karipori, i te takiwā o te 190 tūroro i tākaihia i ia rā. I nui te pānga atu o te mate kōea, te mate tūtae tororē me te taipō piwa, ā, i kino rawa atu ngā tūnga puhitanga.


He pārongo atu anō kei:http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/5p38/pritchard-ethel(external link)

Ko Nēhi Ethel Pritchard.

Ko Nēhi Ethel Pritchard, nōna e mahi ana me Te Ratonga Nēhi o te ope taua o Aotearoa. Te Whare Taonga o te Tairāwhiti. Me tono whakaae i Te Whare Taonga o Tairāwhiti, i mua i te whakamahinga anō o tēnei whakaahua.

Mīria Pōmare

Ko Mildred Amelia (Mīria) Tapapa Woodbine Pōmare e kōrerotia nei ko te hoa wahine o te kaitōrangapū Māori, o Māui Pōmare. I whakarewahia e rāua tahi ko te wahine a te Kawana Tianara o Aotearoa o te wā, a Lady Liverpool, te Tōpūtanga Pūtea mā Ngā Hōia Māori i te tau 1915. I torohia e rāua ngā rawa o ngā kōmiti wāhine Māori puta noa i Aotearoa me te tono mā ēnei kōmiti ngā painga o te kāinga e tuku atu ai ki ngā hōia Māori, ki tāwāhi. Nā Mīria tonu i whatu tōkena mō ia hōia o te Ope Tuatahi Māori.


He pārongo atu anō kei:http://www.teara.govt.nz/mi/biographies/4p16/pomare-mildred-amelia-woodbine(external link)

Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa Alexander Turnbull Library Toronga:  1/2-043506-F

Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa Alexander Turnbull Library Toronga: 1/2-043506-F Me tono whakaae i Alexander Turnbull Library, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, i mua i te whakamahinga anō o tēnei whakaahua.

 

Kuputaka

kaikoka physically abusive
whakataiwhenuatanga    colonisation
whakatakē discriminate
  • Ti
  • Tāngia.
  • Tiritiria.

Kaiako' Notes

I tēnei rauemi ka tirohia te wāhi ki te wahine i Te Pakanga Tuatahi o te Ao. Ka whakatauritea ngā rerenga kētanga i waenganui i te ao Māori me te ao Pākehā o te wā, me ngā pānga o aua āhuatanga ki ngā āhuatanga o ēnei rā.

Tīkina ake.

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