Looking Back, Looking Forward

This First World War inquiry guide suggests ways for students to explore the theme Looking Back, Looking Forward.

Students are invited to consider how the past has influenced the present and to reflect on people’s ability to interpret predictable patterns from the past in order to create new possibilities for the future.

To do this, students explore the nature, purposes, messages, and relevance today of the First World War and other historic events. They compare and contrast decisions and actions made in the past with those made more recently in similar situations, assessing what has changed and what remains constant. 

Additional Looking Back, Looking Forward resources

Years 9-10

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Counterfactual history

By asking “What if?” questions, this hook invites students to explore how today might have been different if the First World War had had alternative...

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Israel/Palestine

This hook investigates events during the First World War that have influenced the current situation in Israel/Palestine.

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Refugees

This hook suggests how events of the First World War led to a legal definition of “refugee”, how this definition has changed, and how it...

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Technological development

This hook provides examples of technological development in the First World War and examines how the further development of these technologies has impacted life...

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The changing face of the military

This hook shows how the military forces in New Zealand have changed from being exclusively Pākehā males to having increasing ethnic and gender diversity...

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The greater good

This hook suggests how the First World War led to the creation of the League of Nations and then the United Nations: two organisations formed...

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Years 11-13

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Nation building

This hook explores how nations have been formed or rebuilt after wars.

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Reconciliation and peacekeeping

This hook explores how countries can resolve disputes peacefully and reconcile with each other after conflicts.

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The Austro-Hungarian Empire

This hook explores the role of Austria– Hungary in the First World War and how the subsequent peace treaties signed by Austria and Hungary impacted...

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The influence of the First World War on the Second...

This hook suggests how the First World War led to the creation of the League of Nations and then the United Nations: two organisations formed...

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The Ottoman Empire

This hook investigates how events during and directly after the First World War have influenced the current situation in Iraq and Syria.

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“Lest we forget”

This hook explores different ways to commemorate the First World War.

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